Research and methods

To develop technology with individualized solutions for people with reduced learning ability present is a complex task. Also, persons with intellectual disabilities have special challenges due to a reduced ability to learn. Therefore, the innovations will be developed through R&D activities based on Action Design Research. The methodology is a further development of action and design research and includes userneed mapping, co-creation, evaluation, and implementation through iterative processes whereby users participate in all the stages of development.

The method and the results will challenge current practice and relationships between persons with intellectual disabilities, the education sector, working life, and public services. User involvement will contribute to the development of good solutions and anchoring in the region, and thus strengthening the possibilities for realization and further implementation. A business model will be developed for the realization of the innovations.


Transition to work

Wass, S., Thygesen, E., & Imre, Ö. (2023). Digital nudging towards social inclusion – Insights on employers’ willingness to recruit People with intellectual and developmental Disabilities. European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2023.

Wass, S., Safari, C M., Haugland, S., Omland, H O. (2021). Transitions from school to sheltered employment in Norway – Experiences of people with intellectual disabilities. British Journal of Learning Disabilities.

Thygesen, E., Safari, C M., and Wass, S. (2020).  Transport og arbeidsinkludering.  I Gjertsen, H, Melbø, L. og Hauge, H. (red). Arbeidsinkludering for personer med utviklingshemming.

Wass, S., Moe, C E., Thygesen E., and Haugland, S. (2018). Use of welfare technology to increase employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Proceedings of the 16th Scandinavian Conference on Health Informatics. Aalborg; Denmark.

Design for independent transport

Safari, M. C., Wass, S., Haugland, S., & Thygesen, E. (2023) Intellectual Disability, Digital Technologies, and Independent Transportation – A Scoping Review. In: Proceedings of the 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Hawaii, pp 1983–1992.

Wass, S., Hansen, L. A., & Safari, M. C. (2020). Designing Transport Supporting Services Together with Users with Intellectual Disabilities. In: Hofmann S., Müller O., Rossi M. (eds) Designing for Digital Transformation. Co-Creating Services with Citizens and Industry. DESRIST 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 12388. Springer, Cham.

Design for co-determination (Kompass)

Wass, S., Hansen, L., and Stuve, E. (2020). Me, myself & I – Supporting People with Intellectual Disabilities Towards Self-determination. Prototype paper accepted to the 15th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST).

Inclusive design

Wass, S., Thygesen, E., & Purao, S. (2023). Principles to Facilitate Social Inclusion for Design-Oriented ResearchJournal of the Association for Information Systems, 24(5), 1204-1247

Safari, M. C., Wass, S., & Thygesen, E. (2023).  Digital technology design activities—A means for promoting the digital inclusion of young adults with intellectual disabilitiesBritish Journal of Learning Disabilities, 51, 238 – 249

Hansen, L. and Wass, S (2022). Enactive methods towards situational learning – engaging people with intellectual and developmental disability in design. Procedia Computer Science.

Safari, C M., Wass, S. and Thygesen, E. (2022). Motivation of people with intellectual disabilities in technology design activities: the role of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Behaviour and Information Technology.

Wass, S., Hansen, L. A., & Moe, C. E. (2021). Generation of Design Principles as Knowledge Conversion-Elucidating Dynamics. In The Next Wave of Sociotechnical Design: 16th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology, DESRIST 2021, Kristiansand, Norway, August 4–6, 2021, Proceedings 16 (pp. 149-161). Springer International Publishing.

Safari, C M., Wass, S. and Thygesen, E. (2021). ‘I Got To Answer the Way I Wanted To’: Intellectual Disabilities and Participation in Technology Design Activities. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research.

Wass, S., and Safari, C M. (2020). Photovoice – towards engaging and empowering people with intellectual disabilities in innovation. Accepted to Life – Special issue on Advance on eHealth.

Wass, S., and Moe, C E. (2020). Knowledge Creation – a Perspective on the Development of Design Principles. Research in progress paper accepted to the 15th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST).

Wass, S., Omland, H O., and Moe, C E. (2019). Understanding the problem – innovation in the welfare sector through action design research. 13th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS) proceedings,

Holen-Rabbersvik, E., Haugland, S., Omland, H O., Fredwall, T E., and Hansen, L. (2019). Fra behovskartlegging til innovasjon for personer med utviklingshemming – noen metodiske og etiske refleksjoner. Tidsskrift for omsorgsforskning. 5(3), 57-70.